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Installing the DHCP Service on Windows Server 2003

This tutorial will walk you through installing the DHCP service on Windows Server 2003. These instructions are perfect for a simple DHCP Server on a small, home-based LAN. Click on thumbnail pictures for an enlarged picture.

Walkthrough
1. Click Start button, Control Panel, Add/Remove Programs.

2. Click Add/Remove Windows Components button.

3. Highlight Networking Services, click Details button.

4. Place a checkmark next to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), click OK.

5. Click Next. Make sure Windows Server 2003 CD is in the CD-ROM so it can install the DHCP service.

6. Click Finish to complete the wizard.

7. Close Add/Remove Programs window.

8. Click Start button, Administrative Tools, DHCP. This is the control panel for DHCP.

Click to enlarge

9. Right-click your server name and select New Scope, this starts the New Scope Wizard.

10. Click Next. Give your scope a name and description. Click Next.

11. Enter the IP Address Range for your scope, and the subnet mask. Click Next.

12. Enter any IP Address Range you'd like to exclude from being leased out in the previously defined scope. It can be a range of IP addresses or a single IP address. In my example, I'd like to lease out all addresses between 192.168.1.102 to 192.168.1.108, so I left this page blank. Click Next.

13. Enter in the Lease Duration time on this page. Default is an 8 days lease period. For mobile PCs or PCs that go on and off the network frequently, a less time period is preferred. For PCs that stay on all the time, and never move off the network, longer time periods are preferred. I left it at default 8 days in my example. Click Next.

14. Choose Yes or No if you want to configure the DHCP Options now or later. To make things simplier to configure, I will choose Yes to configure it now in my example. Click Next.

15. Enter the router (default gateway) IP address and click Add. In my example it is 192.168.1.1. If you want your PCs on the LAN to have Internet access, this is a must to fill out. Click Next.

16. Enter the domain name and DNS Servers in this page. If no parent domain is available, leave blank. If you have a local DNS Server, use an Internet DNS Server, or point DNS traffic to the router to resolve, enter that, or those, IP addresses in the IP address box and click Add to add them to the list of DNS Servers. If you know the DNS Server by name, but not IP address, enter the DNS Server name in the Server name box, click Resolve, and if it is found, it's IP Address will fill in the IP Address box, and then you can click Add button to put it on the list. In my example, I manually entered the IP address of my DNS Server and clicked Add to put it on the list. Click Next.

17. Enter the WINS Servers name or IP address in the appropriate boxes and click Add button to add them to the list. This page works the same way as the DNS Server page did on the last step. If you do not have a WINS Server on your network, leave this page blank. In my example, this test server is running the WINS service, so I put it's own IP address in the box. Click Next.

18. In the Activate Scope page, click Yes or No to activate the scope now. If you wanted to change more options on the scope, say No, otherwise click Yes. In my example, I will choose No. Click Next.

19. Click Finish to complete the New Scope Wizard.

20. Now you can see in the DHCP window what is running. In my example, the DHCP service is running, by the green up arrow next to my server name, but the scope is not currently enabled, by the red down arrow next to the scope name.

21. Under the scope name, you have your other options of what you can do with that DHCP Scope.

22. Address Pool shows the range(s) of IP Addresses available for leasing.

23. Address Leases shows what IP addresses are leased out and to what computer. In my example I have no IP addresses leased out yet.

24. Reservations shows any IP addresses out of the IP Address range that are "reserved" for a certain PC. Servers should always have the same IP Address, and this can be added here. In my example I do not have reservations configured.

25. Scope Options shows all the additional information that a computer gets when it's leased an IP address. This information can be the router's IP address, DNS server IP addresses, etc. In my example it shows the additional common addresses I set up while in the scope wizard.

26. You can right-click on Address Pool, Address Leases, Reservations, and Scope Options to configure or add/remove information from the scope.

27. Once the scope is set up the way you want it, make sure the scope is started. In my example it is still off. Right-click the Scope and click Activate. Now there is no longer a red down arrow on the scope because it is activated.

28. Now I will try out my DHCP Server to see if it works. I started another virtual PC and configured it to use DHCP. On Address Leases, after a Refresh, I see that computer has been leased IP information from this DHCP server.


Conclusion
Now you have the DHCP service running and configured on Windows Server 2003. I did not to into every option with this because it would make this walkthrough about 100 pages long. You can add or remove additional options on the DHCP service if desired. Be sure to stop and restart the service when doing so for it to take effect. Now any PC on your LAN that is setup to get its IP information automatically will get its IP address and additional information including router, DNS, etc. from this DHCP server. Most routers nowadays can act as a DHCP server, so be sure to deactivate that feature on your router so all DHCP requests will be handled by this new DHCP server.

Copyright 2005 djdingo All Rig

Copyright 2005 - 2008 djdingo.com All Rights Reserved



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Windows Server 2003